Tips For a Healthy Summer
Everyone regardless of race or ethnicity can have adverse affects from sun overexposure.
Beyond sunburns, UV ultraviolet radiation (both UVA and UVB rays) is linked to skin cancer, weakening the immune system, premature skin aging and cataracts.
Protect yourself and children by
- Generously applying broad spectrum sunscreen or sunblock with an SPF (Sun Protection Factor) rating of 15 or more on all exposed areas of skin 30 minutes before going outdoors and reapplying per bottle instructions
- Wearing protective clothing, such as hats, sunglasses, shirts with sleeves
- Avoiding going outdoors during hottest part of the day when UV rays are strongest
- Seeking shaded areas
- Avoiding sun tanning
Did you know?
- Broad-spectrum sunscreens protect against UVA and UVB radiation
- Sunscreens should be used daily if you’re out in the sun for more than 20 minutes
- Sunscreens that are waterproof or water resistant are perfect for outdoor water sports and physical activity
- Drink plenty of water and fluids to stay hydrated to beat the heat and humidity
- If you are outdoors in the heat and sweating for more than an hour, you need an electrolyte fluid (sports drinks) in addition to water
- Be extra careful outdoors when taking certain medications. Some high blood pressure medicines that are diuretics, take excess fluids out of the body.
- Avoid drinks containing alcohol or caffeine
- Limit the amount of time you spend in the heat
- Stay indoors in the air conditioned areas as much as possible.
Know the signs of heat-related illness
- Red, hot, dry skin
- Rapid, strong pulse
- No sweating
- Throbbing headache
- A change in mental state or confusion –
- Extremely high body temperature (above 103dF)
Take action against heat-related illness
- Get the person to cool, shaded area and give them something cool to drink if he/she is conscious
- Cool the person rapidly with a cold shower; cool wet sheet; fanning; sponging with cool water,; sitting in tub of cold water or spraying with cool water from a garden hose
- Seek medical assistance immediately from urgent care, ER or call 911